ASP.NET MVC > Basics

Scaffolding in ASP.NET MVC

How to scaffold a View and a Controller based on a Model in ASP.NET MVC?

What is ASP.NET MVC scaffolding?

ASP.NET MVC scaffolding is a code generation framework that generated code for basic CRUD (create, read, update and delete) operations against the database model using HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Bootstrap and server side selected langulage such as C# or VB.NET. The generated code is based on default templates and it gives us ability to further customize it based on our requirement. This saves a lot of time for the developer by writing basic code to start with.

ASP.NET MVC scaffolding includes view template, controller template, form template, field template, filter template, entity framework template etc.

ASP.NET MVC scaffolding for views and controllers

To scaffold the View and Controller based on Model, we need to configure our web.config (application root) for the database for which we have created the Model. Go to your web.config file and change the connectionStrings value appropriately so that it connects to your database. 

<add name="Default connection" connectionString="Data Source=(LocalDb)\v11.0;AttachDbl

Step 1

Change the connectionString value of the above part of the root web.config file. In this case it looks like below 

  <add name="DefaultConnection"          
          connectionString="Data Source=SNITFunda;Initial 
            Catalog=TrainingDatabase;Integrated Security=True"      
providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" /> </connectionStrings>


  •  Data Source is SNITFunda that is server name on which database exists
  •  Initial Catalog is TrainingDatabase that is the name of database 
  •  Integrated Security that helps us to connect to our database using Windows Authentication without creating SQL Server specific username and password.
Step 2 

Now build the project by right clicking and selecting Rebuild. 
You should be getting Rebuild All succeeded message at the status bar of Visual Studio
Step 3
Now, follow the first step to add a controller as shown in the picture below. 
In the next dialogue box where we need to select the Controller type, select MVC 5 Controller with views, using Entity Framework and click Add

In the next dialog box, Select Model class as the PersonalDetail model, the one that we have just created in previous step. Select ApplicationDbConext as the Data context class (this gets automatically created when we create the project).

Keep the Generate views checkbox checked as we want to create Views too for this Model. The Reference script libraries checkbox makes sure that we have jquery, jquery validate scripts are referenced in the view wherever it is required (mainly in the Create/Edit views. User a layout page checkbox, let us use the default Master page (_Layout.cshtml).

Notice that the Controller name is automatically written based on the Model name selected. Keep it as it is and click Add. Here we are assuming that we have a PersonalDetail model created in the project by following previous post.

In case you get any error after creating Add button that looks something like 

The model backing the '' context has changed since the database was created. Consider using Code First Migrations to update the database ( 

Global.asax.cs change

Double click global.asax page under the root of the application and add following line of the code under Application_Start() event.

System.Data.Entity.Database.SetInitializer<Namespace.Models.ApplicationDbContex t>(null); 

And follow above steps (1 to 3) again. 

Assuming you successfully completed above steps, notice the change in the Solution Explorer.

ASP.NET MVC scaffolding output

You will notice that PersonalDetialsController.cs file gets added into Controllers folder. Apart form controller, a view folder also gets added. All these gets added because of ASP.NET MVC scaffolding templates that exists in Visual studio for ASP.NET MVC application.

In Views folder PersonalDetials folder gets created and following files are also gets created

  • Create.cshtml – used to create a new record in the database using PersonalDetail model.
  • Delete.cshtml – used to delete a record in the database using PersonalDetail model. 
  • Details.cshtml – used to show the details of the PersonalDetail database table record using PersonalDetail model. 
  • Edit.cshtml – used to edit the record in the database using PersonalDetail model. 
  • Index.cshtml – used to list the record from the PersonalDetail database table using PersonalDetial model.
Now you can run the project and navigate to PersonalDetails folder.  you should be able to list a blank page with Create New link. Clicking the link takes you to the /PersonalDetails/Create page where one can create a new record. Similarly, delete and edit works.
See scaffolded views and controllers in action in ASP.NET MVC Entity Framework section.
 Views: 6577 | Post Order: 8

Write for us